Sunday, June 10, 2012

Coca cola Vs Sprite


                                   Abstract
           
          The purpose of this experiment was to discover which soda was healthier. I became interested in this topic from my daily habit of consuming Coca Cola. The information gained from this experiment can be used to warn people to not drink too much Coca Cola. Many people say all sodas are the same, but this project has proved them wrong. If you read this paper or viewed my display board; you would understand why a certain soda is precisely healthier than the other.
           
My problem was which soda damages your muscles more, Coca Cola or Sprite. In order to decipher my problem, I had to investigate the ingredients of both drinks at first. After analyzing the ingredients of both drinks, I had to conduct an experiment. Before initiating my project, I came up with a hypothesis. I predicted that Sprite would be healthier than Coca Cola. I based this prediction upon my background knowledge of both soft drinks.

Conducting my experiment consisted of several steps and distinct materials. First of all, I removed the meat from the bone and gently cleaned it with sprite. Next, I filled a measuring cup to 250 milliliters and poured it over the bone. After, I repeated steps 1-3 with coke and let the bones sit for one day. Then, I tested the flexibility of both bones and recorded the data. In order to commence my project, I had to gather the following materials: equivalent-sized bones, a measuring cup, some water, and a twelve ounce can of Coca Cola and Sprite.

After conducting my experiment, I acquired my results. These results were not surprising to me.  Although Coca Cola and Sprite are similar in nutritional facts, Sprite is healthier. In my experiment, the most flexible bone was the least healthy. Coca Cola was at least one level more flexible than sprite on each trial. Coca Cola’s flexibility for the three trials was two; one, and one, where one is not flexible and at four the bone has broken.
           
In conclusion, my hypothesis was proven correct. Coca Cola was less healthy than Sprite because it contains caffeine. This project relates to chemistry because I analyzed the ingredients of both sodas. It also relates to biology because I proved which product was healthier for you. Like I mentioned earlier, the information gained from this experiment can be used to warn people not to drink too much Coca Cola.
                              
Preliminary research


The formation of a muscle begins with a fibril. Fibrils are threads that when united, create muscle fibers. Muscle fibers are long, skinny cells that make up our muscles. A muscle fiber is a single cell that is skinnier than hair. The macromolecule protein plays an important role in muscle creation because it is an ingredient of a fibril.

There are three distinct muscles that can be found in the human body. These muscles are the skeletal muscle, the smooth muscle, and the cardiac muscle. The human body is compressed and given a shape thanks to the skeletal muscle. The smooth muscle can be located in many of your organs. The cardiac muscle is the most important muscle of your body because it makes up the muscles of your heart.

According to medical doctors, soda can mess up your muscles. The consumption of soda causes potassium levels to decrease dangerously low. Drinking soda can also result in Mild Muscle Weakness, Severe Muscle Paralysis, or Hypokalemia. Hypokalemia is when a person has low blood potassium, and can only be caused by drinking too much glucose, caffeine, or fructose.

Coca Cola consists of one-hundred forty calories. It contains forty-five milligrams of sodium and no fat. It has thirty-nine grams of sugar and no proteins. Coca Cola does not contain: Vitamin A, Vitamin C, fiber, Cholesterol, Trans fat, Saturated fat, Calcium, Iron, or fat calories.

       Sprite consists of on-hundred forty calories. It contains seventy milligrams of sodium and no fat. It has thirty-eight grams of sugar and thirty-eight grams of carbohydrates. Sprite does not contain: Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Iron, Calcium, or caffeine.
                                                            


                                                     
Purpose


The purpose of this experiment was to discover which soda was healthier. I became interested in this topic from my daily habit of consuming Coca Cola. The information gained from this experiment can be used to warn people to not drink too much Coca Cola.

Acknowledgements
           

I wish to thank the following: My mom and brothers for encouraging me to not give up on this project; my friends for sharing their advice; and my teacher for helping me decide on a topic that was fit for me.
  Experimentation

Materials
•           Equivalent-sized bones
•           Water
•           12 oz. sprite can
•           12 oz. coca cola can
•           Measuring cup

Procedures
1.         Remove the meat from the bone.
2.         Gently clean the bone with sprite.
3.         Fill in the measuring cup with soda, according to 250 milliliters
4.         Pour 250 milliliters of soda over the bone
5.         Repeat steps 1-3 with coke
6.         Let sit for one day
7.         See which bone is more flexibly
8.          Record data

Raw Data
            My difficulties while conducting this experiment were nothing compared to my observations. First of all, my brothers drank my soda for my first and second trial on accident. Second of all, my dog ate my Sprite covered bone for my first trial. When pouring soda over both bones, I noticed that the soda’s bubbles rapidly attached to them. Coca cola began to lose its brownish-black color after only thirty minutes. After only five minutes, the bone’s edges were very soft and wobbly.
Results
            The results are that Coca Cola was at least one level more flexible than Sprite on each trial. I believe that Sprite is healthier than Coca Cola because it does not contain caffeine. I have no doubt that any errors occurred during my experiment.
Data table
x
y
2
1
1
0
1
0


trial
Coca Cola
Sprite
1
2
1
2
1
0
3
1
0




           



                                        
Hypothesis


I predict that Coca Cola damages the muscles more because it contains caffeine.
           
Sources


Seymour, S. 1998. Muscles. New York: Morrow Junior Books 1pp.

Mole, P. 2000 “Kinds of Muscles” Pp.4 in The World Book Encyclopedia Vol.13, Chicago


“Coca Cola”. 2009. product nutrition.the coca-cola.company.com/, productnutrition. the coca-cola company.com/products/coca-cola?packagingId=6971

“Too much Soda Drinking can damage your muscles.” 6/1/09.www.lowdensitlylifestyle.com, www.lowdensitylifestyle.com/too-much-drinking-can-damage-your-muscles/                                           

Problem


            Which soda damages your muscles more, Coca Cola or Sprite?

Conclusion


            In conclusion, Sprite was proved to be a bit healthier than Coca Cola. My project relates to chemistry because I analyzed the ingredients of both sodas. It also relates to biology because I proved which product was healthier for your muscles.



Application

            This project applies to me because I am constantly drinking soda. Learning which soda was healthier benefited me in various ways. If I had an opportunity to redo this project, I would take it because it is an amazing opportunity to learn about something you want to learn.

Table of Contents


1.      Problem                                                           Pg.1
2.      Preliminary Research                                      Pg.2
3.      Hypothesis                                                       Pg.3
4.      Experimentation                                              Pg.4-5
5.      Conclusion                                                       Pg.6
6.      Application                                                      Pg.7
7.      Sources Cited                                                   Pg.8

Healthiest Soda

Preliminary research

            My problem is: which soda damages the muscles more, Coca Cola or Sprite? One way that I plan to analyze my problem is by conducting my experiment. I am also solving my problem by gaining some background knowledge through research. Many people believe that Coca Cola is the least healthy because of its color, yet color may or may not be involved with its healthiness. Caffeine, just like color, is being sought by people to affect the healthiness of Coca Cola.

The formation of a muscle begins with a fibril. Fibrils are threads that when united, create muscle fibers. Muscle fibers are long, skinny cells that make up our muscles. A muscle fiber is a single cell that is skinnier than hair. The macromolecule protein plays an important role in muscle creation because it is an ingredient of a fibril.

There are three distinct muscles that can be found in the human body. These muscles are the skeletal muscle, the smooth muscle, and the cardiac muscle. The human body is compressed and given a shape thanks to the skeletal muscle. The smooth muscle can be located in many of your organs. The cardiac muscle is the most important muscle of your body because it makes up the muscles of your heart.

According to medical doctors, soda can mess up your muscles. The consumption of soda causes potassium levels to decrease dangerously low. Drinking soda can also result in Mild Muscle Weakness, Severe Muscle Paralysis, or Hypokalemia. Hypokalemia is when a person has low blood potassium, and can only be caused by drinking too much glucose, caffeine, or fructose.

In conclusion, my research helped me understand the muscles of the human body and both soft drinks. After gaining some background knowledge, I invented my hypothesis. I predicted that Coca Cola would be the least healthy. Alike many people, I was influenced that Coca Cola was less healthy because it contains caffeine and it has color. The question is: will I be right or wrong?







                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                 


                                                                                                                                     









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